The Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment

The Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment (Trade SIA) is conducted in support of the negotiations on the Environmental Goods Agreement, also referred to as the "Green Goods Initiative".

For more information about the negotiations, please click here.

For information about our Project Team, please click here.


The study consists of two complementary components:
1. Economic, environmental and social assessments, using analytical tools, modelling techniques and rational causal chain analysis.
2. A consultation process involving stakeholders that provides genuine consultation and opportunities for information gathering and dissemination of results.
Stakeholder consultation constitutes a key component of the Trade SIA. For more information on this approach, please click here. We invite all stakeholders to contribute to the ongoing negotiations by responding to our questionnaire.

General Approach

The Trade SIA includes in-depth analysis of a list of sectors pertinent to the outcomes of an environmental goods agreement. This will include an assessment of the economic, environmental and social impacts of the possible results of the negotiations, as well as cross-sector effects of an eventual EGA.
The analysis will depict the current situation of these sectors in selected countries that are members of the negotiations, identifying the market size, trade flows, potential for development of services to these sectors, the potential for increased trade and highlight the potential impact on the development of the economies, competitiveness of issues.
Key impacts on third countries, including developing countries and in particular least developed countries (LDCs) will also be considered. In this context, the analysis will look at specific sectors, products, vulnerable social groups and geographical areas that are most likely to be affected, either positively or negatively, by the outcome of the negotiations.
Under each sector, the Project Team will identify the non-tariff measures and behind the border measures affecting trade and investment in environmental goods and services.
Particular attention will be given to the impact of an environmental goods agreement on SMEs and their competitive advantages in the different sectors covered.

Case studies

Given the broad scope of the environmental sectors and the different areas covered, the use of case studies will be integral to the SIA as they are the main way in which the results of the analysis will be presented. Case studies will draw on the quantitative analyses as well as on the in-depth approach to qualitative assessment and stakeholder consultation.
Each case study will cover the following:

  • Focus on the impacts of an EGA on a particular project
  • Available macro data on environmental, economic and social impacts
  • Emphasis on environmental analysis and existence of regional “white spots”
  • Identification of specific environmental products and “ex-outs”
  • Level of impact of non-tariff measures and trade in environmental services
  • Extent to which stakeholder groups are representative in the project as well as sector and country or region
  • Ability to generalise conclusions to provide policy recommendations relevant to the ongoing EGA negotiations

The Trade SIA team is actively seeking case studies demonstrating the potential positive and negative effects of this agreement on the ground and in practice around the world. Case studies should be project or contract specific, and demonstrate potential tangible environmental, social or economic impacts of the agreement. If you are aware of any such documented case studies that you would like to share, we would be happy to hear from you.